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HUBUNGAN SEVERITY, VULNERABILITY, RESPON EFFICACY, DAN SELF EFFICACY DENGAN KEMANDIRIAN ACTIVITY DAI

oleh Ervina Ismirawati | 2015-06-09 11:26:06

HUBUNGAN SEVERITY, VULNERABILITY, RESPON EFFICACY, DAN SELF EFFICACY DENGAN KEMANDIRIAN ACTIVITY DAILY LIVES (ADL) PADA LANSIA DI UPTD. PANTI SOSIAL TRESNA WERDHA NIRWANA PURI SAMARINDA

RELATIONS SEVERITY, VULNERABILITY, RESPONSE EFFICACY AND SELF EFFICACY WITH INDEPENDENCE ACTIVITY DAILY LIVES (ADL) ON ELDERLY IN UPTD. PANTI SOSIAL TRESNA PURI NIRWANA SAMARINDA


Ervina Ismirawati1), Hj. Nur Rohmah, Ismail AB
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Mulawarman
JL. Sambeliung Kampus Gn.Kelua Telp (0541) 7031343 Samarinda Kalimantan Timur
Email : ervinaismirawati@gmail.com


ABSTRAK

Berdasarkan Hasil Sensus Penduduk tahun 2010 menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia termasuk lima besar Negara dengan jumlah penduduk lanjut usia terbanyak di dunia yaitu mencapai 18,1 juta jiwa pada 2010 atau 9,6% dari jumlah penduduk. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui Hubungan Severity (merasa terancam), Vulnerability (merasa rapuh), Respon Efficacy, dan Self Efficacy dengan Kemandirian Activity Daily Lives (ADL) Pada Lansia Di UPTD. Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Nirwana Puri Samarinda. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey analitik dengan pendekatan “Cross Sectional Study”. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada tanggal 10 Februari sampai dengan 10 Maret 2013. Pemilihan sampel dilakukan menggunakan total sampling dengan jumlah 111 orang lansia dengan usia 60 tahun ke atas. Variable yang diteliti yaitu Severity, Vulnerability, Respon Efficacy, dan Self Efficacy Kemandirian Activity Daily Lives (ADL). Teknik pengambilan data ini melalui wawancara dengan kuesioner. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Severity (merasa terancam) sebanyak 61 responden, Vulnerability (merasarapuh) sebanyak 57 responden, Respon Efficacy baik sebanyak 69 responden dan Self Efficacy baik sebanyak 76 responden . Hasil analisis bivariat diperoleh bahwa semua variable ada hubungan yang bermakna dengan kemandirian yaitu variable Severity (α-value 0,004), Vulnerability (α-value 0,003), Respon Efficacy (α-value 0,000) dan Self Efficacy (α-value 0,027). Saran dari penelitian ini yaitu diberikan dukungan dan semangat lagi seperti kegiatan olahraga dan penyuluhan gizi bagi lansia.


Kata Kunci : Kemandirian Activity Daily Lives (ADL), Respon Efficacy, Severity, Self Efficacy, Vulnerability

 

ABSTRACT

Based on the results of population census in 2010 showed that Indonesia among the top five countries with the highest number of elderly people in the world, reaching 18.1 million in 2010 or 9.6% of the population. The aim of research to determine the relationship Severity, Vulnerability, Response Efficacy and Self Efficacy with Independence Activity Daily Lives (ADL) On Elderly In UPTD. Elderly Social Institution Tresna Puri Nirwana Samarinda. This research is analytic survey with a "Cross Sectional Study". The research was conducted on 10 February to 10 March 2013. The sample selection was performed using total sampling with 111 elderly people aged 60 years and over. Variables studied were Severity, Vulnerability, Response Efficacy and Self Efficacy. This data collection technique through interviews with the questionnaire. The analysis technique used is the Chi-Square. The results showed that the Severity (feel threatened) of 61 respondents, Vulnerability many as 57 respondents, Response Efficacy well as much as 69 respondents and Self Efficacy as much as 76 respondents. Results of bivariate analysis showed that all variables have significant relationship with the independence that is variable severity (α-value 0.004), vulnerability (α-value 0.003), response efficacy (α-value 0.000) and self efficacy (α-value 0.027). Suggestions of research is given support and encouragement again like sports and practice of nutrition for the elderly.


Keywords: Independence Activity Daily Lives, Severity, Vulnerability, Response Efficacy and Self Efficacy

 

 

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