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HUBUNGAN ANTARA GERAKAN REPETITIF, LAMA KERJA PERHARI DAN MASA KERJA DENGAN KELUHAN CTS PADA PEKERJA

oleh Asri Sumarti | 2015-05-27 11:00:33

HUBUNGAN ANTARA GERAKAN REPETITIF, LAMA KERJA PERHARI DAN MASA KERJA DENGAN KELUHAN CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME (CTS)
PADA PEKERJA PEMECAH BATU DI KOTA SAMARINDA
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REPETITIVE MOVEMENT, WORK PERIOD A DAY, WORKING TIME WITH CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME (CTS) ON STONE CRUSHERS IN SAMARINDA CITY


Asri Sumarti1), M Sultan and Siswanto
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Mulawarman
Jl. Sambaliung Unmul Telp. 0541 703134 - 7925387 Samarinda 75119
E – mail : asri.sumarti@yahoo.co.id


ABSTRAK

Berbagai aktivitas yang banyak menggunakan tangan dalam waktu yang lama sering dihubungkan dengan Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). CTS disebabkan karena terjebaknya saraf medianus dalam terowongan karpal pada pergelangan tangan. Pemecah batu merupakan pekerjaan yang beresiko untuk terkena CTS. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan antara gerakan repetitif, lama kerja perhari, masa kerja dengan keluhan Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) pada pekerja pemecah batu di Kota Samarinda. Jenis penelitian menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional untuk menganalisis korelasi antar variabel. Subjek penelitian adalah pekerja pemecah batu dan pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling yang berjumlah 31 orang. Analisis menggunakan uji univariat dan bivariat dengan uji Chi Square taraf signifikasi 0,05 (5%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan gerakan repetitif dengan keluhan CTS (ρ value = 0,046), ada hubungan lama kerja perhari dengan keluhan CTS (ρ value = 0,022, ada hubungan masa kerja dengan keluhan CTS (ρ value = 0,021). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disarankan agar pekerja melakukan peregangan atau latihan awal pada pergelangan tangan, memperhatikan posisi tangan yang baik dan benar, istirahat lebih dari 1 jam, menggunakan sarung tangan.


Kata Kunci : CTS, Lama kerja, Masa Kerja, dan Repetitif

 

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

Various activities that using hands in several time are often associated with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). CTS was caused by entrapment of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel in the wrist. Stone crushers is a risk job which can be easily affected by CTS. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between repetitive movements, work period a day, working time with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) on stone crushers in Samarinda City. This research used to cross-sectional design / study to analyze the correlation between the variables. The subject of this study are people who work as stone crushers and the sampling method of this research using purposive sampling with 31 participants. The analysis of data use univariate and bivariate test with Chi Square test with significance level of 0.05 (5%). The results showed that there was a correlation between repetitive movement and CTS (ρ value = 0,046), there was a correlation between work period a day and CTS (ρ value = 0,022), there was a correlation between working time and CTS (ρ value = 0,021). Based on the results of the study, stone crushers are suggested to do stretching or early exercise on their hands, focus on the right position of the hands, rest more than an hour, and use gloves.


Keywords : CTS, Repetitive, Working Time, Work Period a Day

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