Diphtheria remains a health problem, especially in developing countries. In November 2017, the Indonesian Ministry of Health stated that there was a diphtheria outbreak in Indonesia. East Kalimantan is one of the provinces that experienced this disease outbreak. This study analyzes the risk factors for diphtheria outbreak in children aged 1-10 years.
A case-control study was conducted on 37 respondents. Research variables consist of immunization status against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT), nutritional status, children mobility, source of transmission, physical home environment (natural lighting, ventilation area, occupancy density, wall and floor type), knowledge of diphtheria and attitudes towards the diphtheria prevention program.
We found that the most of the children who had diphtheria had been immunized against DPT. Additionally the nutritional status of children (p= 0.049), mobility (p= 0.000) and the source of transmission (p= 0.020) were significantly associated with diphtheria.
Child/parent mobility (OR= 8.456) is the main risk factor for diphtheria outbreak. It is recommended to limit the mobility of children to travel to areas that are experiencing increased cases of diphtheria, improve the nutritional status, and further research on the effectiveness of diphtheria vaccine.
Link : Risk Factors For Diphtheria Outbreak In Children Aged 1-10 Years In East Kalimantan Province, Indone